Honda Civic P0456: EVAP System – Small Leak
The most frequent trouble code with the Honda Civic Is the Code P0456. This code is the trouble number. It's a number given to you by Civic when it plugs into a OBDII scanner. The code P0456 indicates that the evaporative emissions control system has a tiny leak. It is sometimes found along with other codes such as P0441 or P0420.
The P0456 problem is not usually a threat to your Civic's driveability. Certainly anytime the service engine soon light is on, it’s good to deal with it as soon as possible.
While the trouble code may state that there is a “small leak” in the EVAP system of your Honda Civic, it is actually referring to the amount of pressure lost, and not the physical size of the leak. This can happen in very small amounts.
Honda Civic P0456 Description
P0456 stands for a universal OBDII Trouble Code. It means that no matter what make or model vehicle you have, this code will still mean the exact same thing. Technically speaking, it stands for:
System Leakage of Small Size – Evaporative Emission System
The EVAP captures any fuel vapor in the fuel tank. They are then sent to the intake of the engines to start the combustion process. When there is a small leak in the Honda Civic’s EVAP system, it will throw the P0456 OBDII Code. If there is a large leak, it’ll throw P0455.
Honda Civic OBDII code P0456 symptoms
A P0456 Code will not usually be associated with other noticeable symptoms. Smells like gas The service engine soon light.
The fuel tank and fuel filler tubes should smell particularly strong.
The EVAP process deals with fuel vapors directly. If these vapors are leaking from the system, you’ll often smell them faintly while operating the vehicle. But, it won’t affect the way the engine itself runs. The EVAP system is for fuel vapor and does not affect the operation of your Civic's engine.
Causes of the Civic P0456 Trouble code
P0456 can happen for many reasons in Honda Civic. If your Civic has warned you at all in the last few months that the fuel cap was off when it wasn’t, then replacing it would be a great first step.
These are some of the most frequent problems that can throw off the code. They're listed in alphabetical order, from the most likely to the least.
- Hose for Evap System– The hose that carries the fuel vapor from the fuel tank to the intake manifold can begin to leak. The P0456 error code will be generated. It should be checked for tears or holes. This is the main problem that can cause the code.
- Vapor Canister Purge Valve– One of the most common causes of the P0456 code is the vapor canister purge valve. It’s really easy to replace. There are some clips you will need to look for and then remove.
- Fuel Tank Sending Unit– It is possible for the gasket that attaches the fuel sending unit to the gas tank to go bad. This could cause a drop in tank pressure which can throw off the code.
- Fuel Cap– A bad fuel cap can cause the code to be thrown for sure. Often, you’ll get a message informing you that the fuel cap is off even when it is on. It may be worth your time to get that message and a P0456 to ensure you don't waste any money.
- Fuel Filler Neck– There is often a gasket where the fuel filler neck connects with the gas tank. It is possible for this gasket to dry, particularly if vehicles spend a lot of time in dry environments. When it dries out, the fuel tank can’t hold pressure anymore.
P0456 Diagnosis- Honda Civic
The mechanic will have a lot of different tools at his disposal in order to determine the cause of your Honda Civic P0456. The most commonly used methods to diagnose this code are:
- The mechanic will check for other codes. It is easier to diagnose problems if there are more codes. That’s because when they appear together in certain combinations, there will often only be only a few conditions that will throw any combination of codes at one time.
- The mechanic will normally determine what trouble codes are associated with P0456. Check out the EVAP System. It includes the purge valve and line as well as the canister.
- To ensure that the cap can withstand pressure, the mechanic will check it. If you are getting a warning that your gas cap is off, even when it’s on, replacing it will more than likely clear this code.
- Monitoring and checking the fuel tank pressure is a must.
- The mechanic will then perform the following tests after completing the above-mentioned checks:
- A smoke test, and they’ll use a scan tool to confirm that the EVAP solenoids and valves are operating properly.
Here’s a pretty good video on diagnosing these leaks from Scotty Kilmer, if you are interested:
P0456 is the most common fix
These are some of the most popular Civic P0456 repairs:
- Replacing the gas cap
- Replacing EVAP lines
- Replace charcoal canister
- Change the fuel tank
It is best to begin with the gas cap, and then work your way up to the fuel tanks. The gas cap is the most difficult and cost-effective item to replace.
Here’s a great video on How to test your gas tank.
You will need to solve the problem quickly. This should help. You can add any additional information by leaving a comment.
Do you consider P0456 to be a serious concern?
While P0456 is not going to cause the Civic’s engine to stop running, it should not be treated lightly. There could be fuel contamination. You should pay extra attention to the level of your fuel tank and ensure that you're not leaking fuel. You should immediately take it in for repair or replacement.
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